External affairs minister Sushma Swaraj and RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat attended a meeting organised by the Jiyo Gita Parivar and other Hindu religious groups last week that said the Gita was composed 5, years ago, but the history wing of the RSS pegs the age of the sacred text two years later at 5, years. Swaraj attended the closing session on Sunday and called for the Gita to be named the national book. How did the Itihas Sankalan Yojana arrive at that date? Simple, it based its calculation on the wheel of time. The sources we have used are the Mahabharat, the Brahmavarta Purana and others. These texts also show the position of the stars grah-dashaa and we have been able to locate the exact dates based on these. Kalyuga is the last of four yugas in the Hindu concept of cyclical time. Other Hindu groups have a more bizarre explanation.
Jump to navigation. Krishna, whose birthday we celebrate with Janmashtami every year, is supposed to have been the mouthpiece of the messages in the Bhagavad Gita. The Gita is most popularly known as the “holy book of Hindus”, but did you know that there are actually several Gitas, out of which the Bhagavata Gita was taken up as the prime book encompassing the total message of Hinduism?
Hinduism has developed for over years through eight phases in history:.
In the Bhagavad Gita (the Song of the Lord) Krishna comforts and advises his troubled disciple Arjuna by telling him about three paths. Each, he says, is a kind of.
The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Lord Krishna. Facing the duty as a warrior to fight the Dharma Yudhha or righteous war between Pandavas and Kauravas, Arjuna is counselled by Lord Krishna to “fulfill his Kshatriya warrior duty as a warrior and establish Dharma.
The Bhagavad Gita presents a synthesis   of the concept of Dharma ,    theistic bhakti ,   the yogic ideals  of moksha  through jnana , bhakti , karma , and Raja Yoga spoken of in the 6th chapter  and Samkhya philosophy. Numerous commentaries have been written on the Bhagavad Gita with widely differing views on the essentials. Vedanta commentators read varying relations between Self and Brahman in the text: Advaita Vedanta sees the non-dualism of Atman soul and Brahman as its essence,  whereas Bhedabheda and Vishishtadvaita see Atman and Brahman as both different and non-different, and Dvaita sees them as different.
The setting of the Gita in a battlefield has been interpreted as an allegory for the ethical and moral struggles of the human life. Mahatma Gandhi referred to the Gita as his “spiritual dictionary”. The epic Mahabharata is traditionally ascribed to the Sage Vyasa ; the Bhagavad Gita , being a part of the Mahabharata’ s Bhishma Parva , is also ascribed to him. Theories on the date of composition of the Gita vary considerably. Scholars accept dates from the fifth century to the second century BCE as the probable range.
Spoken and written commentary on Bhagavad Gita, the distilled spiritual essence of Vedas and Upanishads, is aplenty. Mahatma Gandhi was quoted as saying that whenever he had a problem Bhagavad Gita offered an answer and the solution. For a student of psychology Bhagavad Gita offers a valuable case study for lessons in psychotherapy — resolution of conflict and successful resumption of action from a state of acute anxiety and guilt laden depression that precipitated inaction.
This presentation makes a humble attempt to discuss the therapy process involved in Bhagavad Gita in which Lord Krishna helped the grief-stricken Arjuna through dialogue and discussion. Bhagavad Gita is part of the great epic Mahabharatha, a widely popular mythological story in Hindu philosophy; part of Bhishma Parva, Gita is almost in its entirety the dialogue between two individuals, Lord Krishna considered as incarnation of Bhagawan Vishnu, Narayana and Arjuna the Pandava prince, Nara in the battle field war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas, the cousins, for control of the kingdom of Hasthinapura of Kurukshetra.
A fiction story or a piece of history dating back to about B.
Bhagavad Gita Because online dating seems to be a necessary evil, especially if you have a busy life and all your friends are pretty much.
Published on July 12th, by Madhudvisa dasa Full size image. So I think a good place to start is the history of Bhagavad Gita. What is the Gita, where did it come from and how old is it? Firstly the title of Bhagavad Gita is two Sanskrit words. The Gita has a very unique position in the world as it is the only book that contains directly the actual words spoken by the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
You can find many religious and philosophical books in the world but there is no book, except Bhagavad Gita, which claims to contain the direct, actual words spoken by God. Even in the Vedic literatures the other sections of the Vedas may have quotes from God but they are written about God, they describe God, rather than being a direct conversation with God.
The Gita is unique in the world as it is a direct conversation between Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and his friend Arjuna so we need to take this book very seriously and study it very carefully.
The History of Bhagavad Gita
Rama and Hanuman fighting Ravana, scene from the Ramayana Hinduism have many sacred documents but no single sacred text such as the Bible. They are: 1 the Verdic Verses , written in Sanskrit between to B. Hindu cosmology was explained in the Vedas. The Upanishads provided a theoretical basis for this cosmology. The Brahmanas , a supplement to the Vedas, offers detailed instructions for rituals and explanations of the duties of priests.
Dating of the Bhagavad Gita. The Gita was revealed on the first day of the 18 day long Mahābhārata war at Kurukshetra. There is a lot of.
This page describes the philosophy of bhagavata and the bhagavad-gita: a concept having historical value dating from ancient India. This faith is very obscure and very difficult to be practised, and its chief feature is cessation from all kinds of injury. It is further known that it had at least four or five different schools or variant forms, viz. They also repaired or constructed temples and images for their living, and were therefore regarded as outcasts.
But its difference from the Vedic path is well known. One of the most extreme views on the subject is that of Dr Lorinser, who holds that it was composed after Buddha , and several centuries after the commencement of the Christian era, under the influence of the New Testament. The looseness of its composition, however, always made it easy to interpolate occasional verses. Tilak also refers to an article by T.
Kale in the Vedic Magazine , vii. Thus from the root yudh we have yudhya viii. It was then lost.
Bhagavad-Gita and the book of Romans
The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Krishna. At the start of the Dharma Yudhha righteous war between Pandavas and Kauravas , Arjuna is filled with moral dilemma and despair about the violence and death the war will cause in the battle against his own kin. Krishna counsels Arjuna to “fulfill his Kshatriya warrior duty to uphold the Dharma ” through “selfless action”. Numerous commentaries have been written on the Bhagavad Gita with widely differing views on the essentials.
Vedanta commentators read varying relations between Self and Brahman in the text: Advaita Vedanta sees the non-dualism of Atman soul and Brahman universal soul as its essence,  whereas Bhedabheda and Vishishtadvaita see Atman and Brahman as both different and non-different, while Dvaita Vedanta sees dualism of Atman soul and Brahman as its essence.
Here is an extract of the Bhagavad-Gita. The context: Arjuna is a mighty warrior who is travelling in a chariot with Krishna. On both sides of the.
Now based on the internal evidence which abounds in The Mahabharata and external references to the Mahabharata fix the date somewhere between. External Evidence based on references to Mahabharata by other Works. It describes a period of draught, with many planetary positions. Then there is this clear reference to pair of eclipses occurring on 13th day as shown below. Lunar eclipse followed by solar eclipse on thirteenth day is in a single lunar month etc…. This reference to Thirteen day eclipse pair appears to be a unique astronomical observation.
Analysis of the time between successive eclipses, specifically time between end of one and beginning of other has been made, with a view to look at astronomical feasibility of back-to-back eclipses in 13 days, using modern astronomical computer software. Another major issue of how did observers of the period define and determine period between eclipses when no clocks existed, has been addressed.
There are about lunar eclipses per century.
Bhagavad Gita Sanskrit Word Document
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Diorella Manzano I am a systems analyst by profession, and yogi for…. Online dating is hard.
Its date of composition, therefore, is closely associated with that of the epic – c. 5th-3rd century BCE – but not all scholars agree that the work was.
The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most widely known and read philosophical sacred texts of India, and in all of Asia. It is a verse tract of text extracted from the greater epic poem, the Mahabharata. Scholars date the text in its present form anywhere from BCE to CE, and traditional dating of the events described in the text is as old as BCE. The work consists mostly of a dialogue between the princely general, Arjuna, and the supreme Lord as Krishna, playing the role of his charioteer.
The conflict that Arjuna faces is that he must fight a battle against an opposing army containing those whom he loves, such as friends, blood relations, and even great teachers. Yet he must fight this war to protect the innocent from harm and restore peace and goodness to the kingdom his father once ruled. It is this dilemma that causes Arjuna to turn to Krishna in the first chapter. By the start of the second, and throughout most of this eighteen-chapter work, Krishna offers his teachings in the form of love, consolation, and enlightened counsel.
From this newly found position of fortitude and love, Arjuna is prepared to act, even to fight, in a state of full-heartedness. Krishna is the divinity of supreme love. The name indicates the one from whom love comes and the one who is the most beloved for souls. Metaphysically speaking, the Beloved Lord already possesses souls and loves souls unconditionally, yet he yearns for our hearts to turn toward him, to love him, a desire he expresses through his Gita, or song of love.
This divine yearning is further expressed in exhortations that invite— even entreat—souls to come to him.
Transformation of Hinduism, origins of the Bhagavad Gita, and how it doesn’t tell just one truth
The above is one of the Dhyana Shlokas prayers to be recited before one commences with the recitation of the Bhagavad Gita. The Dhyana Shlokas are as important as the Gita itself, as it a humble prayer to the great souls who gave us this precious, divine work. Thou art the One who was imparted to Arjuna by none other than Lord Narayana Himself, and was recorded during the time of the Mahabharata by the great sage Vyasa.
Thou art the one who showers the sweetest nectar of the Advaita philosophy.
The Bhagavad-Gita: Krishna’s Counsel in Time of War (Bantam Classics) [Barbara Stoler Miller] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Most Hindu texts discuss yoga as a practice to control the senses and ultimately, the mind. To truly be a yoga practitioner, follow a life style with non-violence, truthfulness, ethical conduct,contentment,self study, and divinity. Having the mind actively focused upon a single point, with thought and sense activity controlled,. Yet, though the yogas are described as four distinct paths, they are all ultimately interdependent, and with the full practice of one, comes the inclusion of the remaining three.
Most importantly, the Bhagavad Gita makes clears that regardless of which path one embarks upon, yoga is an individual journey that requires lifelong dedication, consistent practice, and devotion to God. References to yoga are found throughout Hindu scripture. Yama: The firm control of the senses, they regard as Yoga. At that time one gets careful, for, Yoga is acquired and lost.
Online Library of Liberty
Full site Title names Author names Essays Groups. Nourse, The first English translation of part of the Indian sacred text the Mahabharata. It is better known today as the Bhagavad Gita. The Bhagavad gita, perhaps the greatest and most beautiful of the Hindu scriptures, is the fourth part of the Mahabharata.
For a student of psychology Bhagavad Gita offers a valuable case study for A fiction story or a piece of history dating back to about B.C. or part of.
Students will learn perspectives concerning the dating and authorship of the text. Students will also learn how the text has been interpreted from various religio- philosophical perspectives. In this class students will learn about the paths of action and knowledge as presented in the text. While both paths are validated in the text, students will explore the rationale behind prioritizing one path over another within this context.
In this class students will learn about the prescriptions for meditation practice in the text. Students will also learn how the text responds to the question: what happens to the unsuccessful yogi? In this class students will learn about the path of devotion that is outlined in the text. Robert Lindsey is an Adjunct at Rutgers University where he co-teaches the winter session study abroad course in Hinduism. You may enroll in the Yoga Philosophy series at any time.
You will receive access to recordings of previous sessions. A penetrating look into what is often referred to as the “metaphysical backdrop of classical yoga”. Explore the tradition often referred to as “Kashmir Shaivism,” from which many well-known concepts derive.